Radio Andorra was one of the oldest French private radio stations, which had a broadcast licence in Andorra from 1939 until 1981.
Broadcasting began on 7 August 1939 by Jacques Trémoulet, who was also the owner of the broadcasting company Radiophonie du Midi, which was already broadcast in Toulouse, Montpellier, Bordeaux and Agen. With the location of Andorra it bypassed the state monopoly on broadcasting by not operating on French soil. On its first broadcast Radio Andorra was exclusively a music programme, interrupted only by the famous greeting "Aqui Radio Andorra." During the Second World War, the music programme was broadcast to the soldiers in France to North Africa. Both German and Allied forces attempted to control the radio without success because the neutrality of Andorra served as a protective shield.
By the end of the war Jacques Trémoulet was sentenced to death by the French judiciary because of collaboration. He first fled to Spain, then to Switzerland, and finally to France, where he was acquitted in 1949. During this time, Radio Andorra was massively hindered, as it was hard to receive transmissions in France.
Andorra is the sixth-smallest nation in Europe, having an area of 468km2 (181 sq mi) and a population of approximately 85,000. Its capital Andorra la Vella is the highest capital city in Europe, at an elevation of 1,023 metres (3,356ft) above sea level. The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.
Andorra is a play written by the Swiss dramatist Max Frisch in 1961. The original text came from a prose sketch Frisch had written in his diary titled Der andorranische Jude (The Andorran Jew). The Andorra in Frisch's play is fictional and not intended to be a representation of the real Andorra located between France and Spain. Frisch has stated that the title 'Andorra' had only been intended as a working title but later liked using the term 'Andorrans' so much he kept it.
In Germany Andorra remains one of the best known of Frisch's plays.
The story revolves around a young boy, Andri, who is brought up as the Jewish adoptive son of the town's Teacher, who claims to have rescued him as a child from the neighbouring, anti-semitic "Blacks" (implying Blackshirts). However, it is revealed during the first half of the play that the story of Andri's origin is a lie: he is the illegitimate child of the Teacher and the Señora, a lady from the Blacks, and Andri is not a Jew.